Venous thromboembolism and deep venous thrombosis are the two types of blood clots. They occur when there is a blockage or interference in the flow of blood between muscles and other parts of the body. Two conditions are there in venous thromboembolism. First is the deep veins thrombosis, and second is the pulmonary embolism. Both of them manifest the VTE entity. Schenk, a popular scientist, observed this peripheral venous disease in 1644. This was the time when he was making an occlusion. Virchow was also the one that visualized the relation of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.
When there is a presence of a thrombus or coagulated blood in deep veins of the legs, then this is the deep venous thrombosis. Not many symptoms or signs are there for this thrombosis. Basic signs might be swelling around muscles or pain in muscles.
These symptoms might not be present or may not occur specifically. If a person does not go through the diagnosis or treatment properly, then it can lead to scary results. There might be fragmentation in the thrombus that can obstruct the supply of arteries to lungs. This can cause potential chances of pulmonary embolism.
Deep venous thrombosis commonly takes place in arms or leg veins. This can be threatening for the lungs. It can also cause malfunctioning in the valves, and can cause swelling in legs. Many new inventions have taken place over the years that have made it a lot easy for people to understand the deep venous thrombosis path physiology. Treatment and diagnosis for this disease have also noticed an impressive progress.
However, it is still a medical problem that prevail many people. There has been a rapid increase in the number of patients with deep venous thrombosis. In every 100,000, an average of 80 individuals has this disease. There will be a continuous increase in this ratio by the time. However, several methods have been developed to cope with this situation.
Most common thrombosis problem of all is the lower-extremity deep venous thrombosis. A lot of cases are also there in which pulmonary embolism creates complication. The treatment and diagnosis involved the use of venography. The conclusion of this test is invasive, and it can also prove expensive. It is the criterion standard of diagnosis for deep venous thrombosis. Noninvasive methods are also there that can prove helpful in the diagnosis process. It involves the examination of the patient with the help of ultra sonic graphic test. It becomes essential that the doctor recognizes this disease and give diagnosis as soon as possible.
Complications can arise when the patient goes through deep venous thrombosis without getting proper diagnosis or treatment. Reduction in morbidity is the primary objective of pharmacotherapy for this disease. It prevents PE and PTS (postthrombotic syndrome) for occurring. Thrombolytics and anticoagulants are the main agents of it. Early threats are there of pulmonary embolism from blood clots of this kind. High chances are there of major disability for a long-term due to PTS.